/dəˈnɪləkwən/ (say duh'niluhkwuhn)

a town in southern NSW on the Edward River; important sheep grazing area and the centre of the largest area under irrigation in Australia.
European exploration in the Deniliquin region, traditionally inhabited by the Yorta Yorta people, dates from John Howe's overlanding expedition in 1840 and the investigations of Augustus Morris in 1842. Their reports led to a land scramble and in 1842 Ben Boyd took up a run, naming it Denilakoon. In 1847 an inn was established at a stock-route river crossing nearby, and a village followed. Merino wool became an industry in the district in the 1850s and the town was an important stock-sales centre in the 1860s. Some subdivision for agricultural holdings followed the Robertson land acts of 1861, and wheat growing became increasingly significant from about 1890. The Wakool irrigation scheme, completed in 1938, made possible smaller holdings and greater agricultural diversity. Deniliquin is now the centre of the largest area under irrigation in Australia. Sheep grazing remains extensive, and rice is now an important crop.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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